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456 – Tax credits respecting the work premium

Basic requirements

To claim any of the refundable tax credits respecting the work premium (work premium, adapted work premium or supplement to the work premium [for former recipients of last-resort financial assistance or financial assistance under the Aim for Employment Program]), you must meet all of the following requirements:

  • You were resident in Québec on December 31, 2023, and are a Canadian citizen, an Indian registered as such under the Indian Act, a permanent resident within the meaning of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act or a person on whom Canada has conferred refugee protection under that Act.
  • You were born before January 1, 2006 (or you were born after December 31, 2005, and one of the following applies to your situation: you had a spouse on December 31; you were the father or mother of a child who lived with you; or you were recognized as an emancipated minor by a competent authority such as a court).
  • You or your spouse on December 31, if applicable, is reporting employment income, a research grant, Wage Earner Protection Program (WEPP) payments or income from a business that was carried on by you and/or your spouse, either independently or as a partner actively engaged in the business.
  • You did not transfer to your father or mother an amount as a child 18 or over enrolled in post-secondary studies (line 20 of Schedule S).
  • No one received the family allowance from Retraite Québec with regard to you, unless you turned 18 before December 1, 2023.
  • No one designated you as a dependent child for purposes of the work premium or the adapted work premium (line 50 of Schedule P).
  • You were not a full-time student (if you were a full-time student, you are not entitled to the tax credits respecting the work premium unless, on December 31, 2023, you were the mother or father of a child who lived with you).

You cannot claim any of the tax credits respecting the work premium if you were confined to a prison or similar institution on December 31, 2023, and you were confined for more than 183 days in 2023.

Claiming the credits

You can now receive the work premium tax credits without completing Schedule P. However, completing it is the only way to make sure that you receive the full amount you are entitled to.

Advance payments of the tax credits respecting the work premium

If, in 2023, you received advance payments of any of the tax credits respecting the work premium (work premium, adapted work premium or supplement to the work premium [for former recipients of last-resort financial assistance or financial assistance under the Aim for Employment Program]), enter on line 441 the amount from box A (and, if applicable, the amount from box B) of your RL-19 slip.

Work income (Part A of Schedule P)

Do not include, on lines 10 and 30 of Schedule P, employment income consisting only of taxable benefits that you or your spouse on December 31 received because of previous employment. This income is shown in box 211 of the RL-1 slip.

Designated dependent child (Part B of Schedule P)

For purposes of the work premium and adapted work premium, you can designate your child or that of your spouse on December 31 as a dependent child if he or she is:

  • a child for whom you or your spouse on December 31 received the family allowance payment from Retraite Québec for the last month of 2023;
  • a child who was born after December 31, 2005, who was a full-time student pursuing vocational training at the secondary level or post-secondary studies in 2023, and for whom you or your spouse is claiming (or could have claimed had the child not earned income) an amount for a child under 18 enrolled in post-secondary studies (line 21 of Schedule A);
  • a child who was born before January 1, 2006, and who, in 2023, was a full-time student pursuing vocational training at the secondary level or post-secondary studies for which he or she received an RL-8 slip with an amount in box A; or
  • a child who had not yet turned 18 at the end of 2023 and who ordinarily lived with you, does not have a child of his or her own with whom he or she lives, and is not recognized as an emancipated minor by a competent authority such as a court. Where custody of the child is shared under a judgment or written agreement, the child is deemed to have ordinarily lived with you only if, for the last month of the year, you or your spouse had custody at least 40% of the time.

You cannot designate as a dependent child a person who was confined to a prison or a similar institution on December 31, 2023, if he or she was confined for more than 183 days in 2023.

Your designated dependent child cannot claim any of the tax credits respecting the work premium for the year.

Family income (Part C of Schedule P)

Your family income is the amount on line 275 of your return. If you had a spouse on December 31, your family income is the amount on line 275 of your return plus the amount on line 275 of your spouse's return.

You or your spouse was not resident in Canada throughout the year

If, for all or part of 2023, you or your spouse on December 31 was not resident in Canada, you must take into account, in determining your family income, all of the income that you and your spouse earned, including income earned while you or your spouse was not resident in Canada.

Supplement to the work premium (for former recipients of last-resort financial assistance or financial assistance under the Aim for Employment Program) (Part D of Schedule P)

Additional requirements

You may be entitled to a supplement of $200 per month if all of the following requirements are met:

  • The month in question is included in a period of transition to work.
  • For at least 24 of the 30 months immediately preceding your period of transition to work, you received last-resort financial assistance or financial assistance under the Aim for Employment Program.
  • Your employment income (plus, if applicable, the net income from a business that you carried on alone or as a partner actively engaged in the business) is at least $200 for the month.
  • For the first month of your period of transition to work, you held a valid claim slip issued by the Ministère de l'Emploi et de la Solidarité sociale providing access to dental and pharmaceutical services.

To claim the supplement to the work premium (for former recipients of last-resort financial assistance or financial assistance under the Aim for Employment Program), complete parts D and F of Schedule P.

If you and your spouse on December 31 both received RL-5 slips with a number of months in box V, you must each complete your own Schedule P and enclose it with your respective returns.

Work premium (column 1 in Part E of Schedule P)

You are not entitled to the work premium if either of the following statements applies to your situation:

  • You had a spouse on December 31 and your work income (total of lines 29 and 49 of Schedule P) is $3,600 or less. 
  • You did not have a spouse on December 31 and your work income (line 29 of Schedule P) is $2,400 or less.

If your work income is greater than the applicable amount above, use the tables below to determine the maximum family income that corresponds to your family situation and work income. Compare this amount to your family income (line 54 of Schedule P). If your family income is equal to or greater than the maximum family income, you are not entitled to the work premium. If it is less than the maximum, complete column 1 in Part E of Schedule P.

Maximum family income for individuals with a spouse on December 31
Work income ($) 
[total of lines 29 and 49]
Maximum family income ($)
[with a designated dependent child]
Maximum family income ($)
[without a designated dependent child]
from 3,601 to 5,100 22,088 20,078
from 5,101 to 6,600 25,838 21,818
from 6,601 to 8,100 29,588 23,558
from 8,101 to 9,600 33,338 25,298
from 9,601 to 11,100 37,088 27,038
from 11,101 to 12,600 40,838 28,778
from 12,601 to 14,100 44,588 30,518
from 14,101 to 18,338 55,183 35,434
Maximum family income for individuals without a spouse on December 31
Work income ($)
[line 29]
Maximum family income ($) 
[with a
designated dependent child]
Maximum family income ($) 
[without a
designated dependent child]
from 2,401 to 3,900 16,342 13,582
from 3,901 to 5,400 20,842 15,322
from 5,401 to 6,900 25,342 17,062
from 6,901 to 8,400 29,842 18,802
from 8,401 to 11,842 40,168 22,794

Adapted work premium (column 2 in Part E of Schedule P)

Additional requirements

You can claim the adapted work premium if you or, if applicable, your spouse on December 31,

  • received, in 2023 or in one of the preceding five years, an allowance under the Social Solidarity Program or benefits under the Basic Income Program because of a severely limited capacity for employment; or
  • was entitled, in 2023, to the amount for a severe and prolonged impairment in mental or physical functions (see the instructions for line 376).

If you are eligible for the adapted work premium, you can claim either the work premium or the adapted work premium, whichever is greater.

You are not entitled to the adapted work premium if your work income (line 29 if you did not have a spouse on December 31, or the total of lines 29 and 49 if you did) is $1,200 or less.

If your work income is over $1,200, use one of the tables below to determine the maximum family income that corresponds to your family situation and work income. Compare your family income (line 54 of Schedule P) to the maximum. If your family income is equal to or greater than the maximum, you are not entitled to the adapted work premium. If it is less than the maximum, complete column 2 in Part E of Schedule P.

Maximum family income for individuals with a spouse on December 31
Work income ($)
[total of
lines 29 and 49]
Maximum family income ($) 
[with a
designated dependent child]
Maximum family income ($) 
[without a 
designated dependent child]
from 1,201 to 2,700 28,198 27,238
from 2,701 to 4,200 31,198 29,278
from 4,201 to 5,700 34,198 31,318
from 5,701 to 7,200 37,198 33,358
from 7,201 to 8,700 40,198 35,398
from 8,701 to 10,200 43,198 37,438
from 10,201 to 11,700 46,198 39,478
from 11,701 to 13,200 49,198 41,518
from 13,201 to 14,700 52,198 43,558
from 14,701 to 16,200 55,198 45,598
from 16,201 to 17,700 58,198 47,638
from 17,701 to 25,198 or more 73,194 57,835
Maximum family income for individuals without a spouse on December 31
Work income ($)
[line 29]
Maximum family income ($) 
[with a
designated dependent child]
Maximum family income ($) 
[without a
designated dependent child]
from 1,201 to 2,700 20,404 18,694
from 2,701 to 4,200 24,154 20,734
from 4,201 to 5,700 27,904 22,774
from 5,701 to 7,200 31,654 24,814
from 7,201 to 8,700 35,404 26,854
from 8,701 to 10,200 39,154 28,894
from 10,201 to 11,700 42,904 30,934
from 11,701 to 16,654 or more 55,289 37,671

Splitting the work premium or the adapted work premium

You and your spouse on December 31, 2023, can split the work premium or the adapted work premium. To do so, you must each complete your own Schedule P.

If you or your spouse on December 31, 2023, received advance payments of the work premium, the person who received them should claim the work premium in his or her income tax return.

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