Tax Credits – New Residents
You can claim certain tax credits based on your financial and family situation. In Québec, there are two types of tax credits:
- Refundable Tax Credits
- Non-Refundable Tax Credits
Consult the Tax Credits section to see which credits you may claim.
To obtain tax credits, you must meet the eligibility requirements set out in the guide to the income tax return (TP-1.G-V) and claim them in your return.
Non-refundable tax credits reduce or cancel the amount of income tax you are required to pay.
If you are a new resident of Canada, there may be a cap on the total amount of non-refundable tax credits you can claim.
For the portion of the taxation year during which you were resident in Canada
For the period during which you were resident in Canada, you can claim non-refundable tax credits as long as you meet the eligibility requirements. For example, if you were resident in Canada for a portion of the taxation year, you can claim the home buyers' tax credit and a non-refundable tax credit for:
- union, professional or other dues
- the interest you paid during the taxation year on loans for post-secondary studies granted to you under the Canada Student Loans Act, the Canada Student Financial Assistance Act or a similar provincial or territorial statute
- tuition or examination fees
- medical expenses
- donations and gifts
For the portion of the taxation year during which you were not resident in Canada
In general, you cannot claim non-refundable tax credits for the period in which you were not resident in Canada. However, if you report income from Canadian sources for the portion of the year in which you were not resident in Canada and that income represents at least 90% of your net income from all sources for that portion of the year, you can claim certain non-refundable tax credits in the same proportion as that of your income earned in Québec compared to your income earned elsewhere in Canada.
You can also claim non-refundable tax credits that are not subject to the 90% rule regarding net income in the same proportion as that of your income earned in Québec compared to your income earned elsewhere in Canada.