Capital Property

Capital property is generally capital property as defined for income tax purposes. It includes depreciable property for which capital cost allowance (CCA) can be claimed as well as non-depreciable property whose disposition (by way of sale or otherwise) results in a capital gain or capital loss.

Note

For more information about capital cost allowance, see guide IN-155-V, Business and Professional Income.

End of note

Capital property includes real property such as land or a building as well as personal property such as machinery used by a business in its commercial activities. Other examples of capital property are:

  • refrigerators, ovens and other appliances;
  • computers;
  • photocopy machines;
  • chairs, tables, sofas, beds, television sets and other goods used to furnish hotel rooms, waiting rooms and convention facilities.
Note

Property included in certain classes under Schedule II to the Income Tax Regulations (for GST purposes) and in certain classes under Schedule B to the Regulation respecting the Taxation Act (for QST purposes) is not considered capital property.

This includes property in the following classes:

  • class 12 (for example, chinaware, cutlery and other tableware that costs less than $500)
  • class 14 (certain patents, franchises, concessions or licences for a limited period);
  • class 44 (patents, or a right to use patented information for a limited or unlimited period);
  • class 14.1 (certain property related to a business, such as goodwill and incorporeal capital property) since January 1, 2017.

To claim an input tax credit (ITC) and an input tax refund (ITR) for property in these classes, follow the rules that apply to operating expenses.

End of note

Percentage of use in commercial activities

If you use 90% or more of a real property or more than 50% of a personal property for commercial activities, you can generally claim ITCs and ITRs for the full amount of the GST and QST you paid on the property.

The table below provides an overview of the rules for claiming input tax credits (ITCs) and input tax refunds (ITRs) on capital property. Please note that special rules apply to aircraft and passenger vehicles acquired by registrants that are partnerships or individuals.

If you increase the percentage of commercial use of real property or personal property, you may be entitled to an additional ITC or ITR. If you reduce the percentage, you may have to remit GST and QST.

ITCs and ITRs respecting capital property
Capital property Percentage of use in commercial activities All registrants1See note 1 below the table. Individuals who are registrants2See note 2 below the table. Public service bodies that are registrants
Personal property ≤ 50% None None None
> 50% 100% 100% 100%
Real property ≤ 10% None None None
> 10% to ≤ 50% % of use % of use3See note 3 below the table. None4See note 4 below the table.
> 50% to < 90% % of use % of use 100%4See note 4 below the table.
≥ 90% 100% 100% 100%
Passenger vehicles5See note 5 below the table. and aircraft ≤ 10% None None None
> 10% à ≤ 50% None Based on CCA6See note 6 below the table. None
> 50% à < 90% 100% Based on CCA6See note 6 below the table. 100%
≥ 90% 100% 100% 100%
Notes
  1. Note 1Under both the GST and QST systems, financial institutions can claim ITCs and ITRs based on the percentage of the capital property's use in commercial activities.
  2. Note 2With respect to purchases of passenger vehicles and aircraft, partnerships must follow the rules that apply to individuals.
  3. Note 3Individuals who are registrants cannot claim ITCs or ITRs if the percentage of use of the capital property for personal purposes is higher than 50%.
  4. Note 4A public service body may elect to have the rules governing all registrants apply.
  5. Note 5The portion of the cost of passenger vehicles giving entitlement to an ITC and an ITR is limited to the lesser of the taxes paid on the acquisition and the taxes calculated on $30,000 (the capital cost threshold under the Income Tax Act and the Taxation Act). If a passenger vehicle is considered a zero-emission vehicle under either of these acts, the taxes are calculated on the maximum capital cost of $55,000.
  6. Note 6ITC = CCA × 5/105; ITR = CCA × 9.975/109.975
Sample calculation: 60% commercial use of real property

You are not a public service body. You purchase a building (real property) and plan to use 60% of it in your commercial activities. You can claim an ITC and an ITR equal to 60% of the GST and QST you paid on the building, since less than 90% of the real property is to be used in commercial activities.

Cost of building $500,000
GST ($500,000 × 5%) + $25,000
QST ($500,000 × 9.975%) + $49,875
Total = $574,875
ITC claimed ($25,000 × 60%) $15,000
ITR claimed ($49,875 × 60%) $29,925
Sample calculation: 60% commercial use of personal property

You purchase a computer (personal property) for your business that you intend to use 60% of the time in your commercial activities. You can claim an ITC and an ITR equal to 100% of the GST and QST you paid on the computer, since the property is to be used more than 50% of the time in your commercial activities.

Cost of computer $4,000
GST ($4,000 × 5%) + $200
QST ($4,000 × 9.975%) + $399
Total = $4,599
ITC claimed $200
ITR claimed $399

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