Reporting Income – Short-Term Accommodations

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As a rule, you are required to report all your income from the rental of an accommodation unit.

To calculate and report your net income, you must deduct the eligible and reasonable expenses you incurred to earn rental income.

You can generally deduct 100% of the expenses (such as advertising fees) that are directly related to the rental of the accommodation unit.

You can deduct a portion of the other expenses. If you rent only part of your residence, you can deduct only the expenses related to the part you rent. In addition, your expenses must relate to the period during which you actually sought to rent the accommodation unit.

Rental income

You must report all your rental income according to the instructions for line 136 in the guide to the income tax return (TP-1.G-V).

Example 1

You rent 40% of your residence on a weekly basis. Your gross rental income for the year is $5,600.

To rent that part of your residence, you spent $250 on advertising and $500 on various supplies (soap, toilet paper, bedding, etc.).

During the year, you also paid $2,000 in property taxes and $1,500 in electricity and heating costs for the entire residence.

Gross rental income $5,600
Advertising (100%) - $250
Various supplies (100%) - $500
Property tax ($2,000 x 40%) - $800
Electricity and heating ($1,500 x 40%) - $600
Net income to report = $3,450
Example 2

You rented your cottage for short-term stays nine months last year. You lived in the cottage the rest of the year.

Your gross rental income for the year is $9,500.

To rent your cottage, you spent $475 on advertising and $750 on various supplies (detergent, pillows, etc.).

During the year, you also did $2,500 of maintenance work on your cottage (exterior paint, bathroom sink, window insulation, etc.).

In addition, you paid electricity and heating costs totalling $1,800 for the year.

Gross rental income $9,500
Advertising (100%) - $475
Various supplies (100%) - $750
Maintenance and repairs ($2,500 x 9/12) - $1,875
Electricity and heating ($1,800 x 9/12) - $1,350
Net income to report = $5,050
Occasional rental of rooms

If you occasionally rent out rooms (for example, during an annual festival), you are not required to include this rental income in your income if:

  • the rental period does not exceed 20 days for the year; and
  • you receive no other income from room rentals.

For more information on rental income and the deductions to which you may be entitled, see Individuals and Rental Income (IN-100-V).

Business income

Income earned from renting out an accommodation unit can be considered business income if you devoted considerable time and effort to this business activity. If this is the case, you are considered to be an individual in business and you must report this income according to the instructions for line 164 in the guide to the income tax return (TP-1.G-V).

For more information on business income, see Business and Professional Income (IN-155-V).

Example 1

You rent out part of a bed and breakfast establishment on a weekly basis. You live in 60% of the establishment and have a classification certificate for it. Your gross rental income (business income) is $26,000 for the year. You spent $200 on advertising and $400 on various supplies (soap, toilet paper, bedding, etc.). During the year, you paid $3,000 in property taxes and $1,000 in electricity and heating costs for the entire building.

Business income $26,000
Advertising (100%) - $200
Various supplies (100%) - $400
Property tax ($3,000 x 60%) - $1,800
Electricity and heating ($1,000 x 60%) - $600
Net income to report = $23,000

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