456 – Tax credits respecting the work premium

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Basic requirements

To claim any of the refundable tax credits respecting the work premium (work premium, adapted work premium or supplement to the work premium [for former recipients of social assistance]), you must meet all of the following requirements:

  • You were resident in Québec on December 31, 2020, and are a Canadian citizen, an Indian registered as such under the Indian Act, a permanent resident within the meaning of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act or a person on whom Canada has conferred refugee protection under that Act.
  • You were born before January 1, 2003 (or you were born after December 31, 2002, and one of the following applies to your situation: you had a spouse on December 31, 2020; you were the father or mother of a child who lived with you; or you were recognized as an emancipated minor by a competent authority such as a court).
  • You or your spouse on December 31, if applicable, is reporting employment income, a research grant, Wage Earner Protection Program (WEPP) payments or income from a business that was carried on by you and/or your spouse, either independently or as a partner actively engaged in the business.
  • You did not transfer to your father or mother an amount as a child 18 or over enrolled in post-secondary studies (line 20 of Schedule S).
  • No one received the family allowance from Retraite Québec with regard to you, unless you turned 18 before December 1, 2020.
  • No one designated you as a dependent child on line 50 of Schedule P in order to claim the work premium or the adapted work premium.
  • You were not a full-time student (if you were a full-time student, you are not entitled to the tax credits respecting the work premium unless, on December 31, 2020, you were the mother or father of a child who lived with you).

You cannot claim any of the tax credits respecting the work premium if you were confined to a prison or similar institution on December 31, 2020, and you were confined for more than 183 days in 2020.

Claiming the credits

You can now receive the work premium tax credits without completing Schedule P. However, completing it is the only way to make sure that you receive the full amount you are entitled to.

Advance payments of the tax credits respecting the work premium

If, in 2020, you received advance payments of any of the tax credits respecting the work premium (work premium, adapted work premium or supplement to the work premium [for former recipients of social assistance]), enter on line 441 the amount from box A (and, if applicable, the amount from box B) of your RL-19 slip.

Work income (Part A of Schedule P)

Do not include, on lines 10 and 30 of Schedule P, employment income consisting only of taxable benefits that you or your spouse on December 31 received because of previous employment. This income is shown in box 211 of the RL-1 slip.

Designated dependent child (Part B of Schedule P)

For purposes of the work premium and adapted work premium, you can designate your child or that of spouse on December 31 as a dependent child if he or she is:

  • a child for whom you or your spouse on December 31 received a family allowance payment from Retraite Québec for the last month of 2020;
  • a child who was born after December 31, 2002, who was a full-time student pursuing vocational training at the secondary level or post-secondary studies in 2020, and for whom you or your spouse is claiming (or could have claimed had the child not earned income) an amount for a child under 18 enrolled in post-secondary studies (line 21 of Schedule A);
  • a child who was born before January 1, 2003, and who, in 2020, was a full-time student pursuing vocational training at the secondary level or post-secondary studies for which he or she received an RL-8 slip with an amount in box A; or
  • a child who had not yet turned 18 at the end of 2020 and who ordinarily lived with you, does not have a child of his or her own with whom he or she lives, and is not recognized as an emancipated minor by a competent authority such as a court. Where custody of the child is shared under a judgment or written agreement, the child is deemed to have ordinarily lived with you only if, for the last month of the year, you or your spouse had custody at least 40% of the time.

You cannot designate as a dependent child a person who was confined to a prison or a similar institution on December 31, 2020, if he or she was confined for more than 183 days in 2020.

Your designated dependent child cannot claim any of the tax credits respecting the work premium for the year.

Family income (Part C of Schedule P)

Your family income is the amount on line 275 of your return. If you had a spouse on December 31, your family income is the amount on line 275 of your return plus the amount on line 275 of your spouse's return.

You or your spouse was not resident in Canada throughout the year

If, for all or part of 2020, you or your spouse on December 31 was not resident in Canada, you must take into account, in determining your family income, all of the income that you and your spouse earned, including income earned while you or your spouse was not resident in Canada.

Supplement to the work premium (for former recipients of social assistance) (Part D of Schedule P)

Additional requirements

You may be entitled to a supplement of $200 per month if all of the following requirements are met:

  • The month in question is included in a period of transition to work.
  • You received basic social assistance benefits (last-resort financial assistance) as an adult during at least 24 of the 30 months immediately preceding your period of transition to work or you received financial assistance under the Youth Alternative Program or the Aim for Employment Program.
  • Your employment income (plus, if applicable, the net income from a business that you carried on alone or as a partner actively engaged in the business) is at least $200 for the month.
  • For the first month of your period of transition to work, you held a valid claim slip issued by the Ministère du Travail, de l'Emploi et de la Solidarité sociale providing access to dental and pharmaceutical services, unless you received financial assistance under the Youth Alternative Program for the month before you began your period of transition to work.

To claim the supplement to the work premium (for former recipients of social assistance), complete parts D and F of Schedule P.

If you and your spouse on December 31 both received RL-5 slips with a number of months in box V, you must each complete your own Schedule P and enclose it with your respective returns.

Work premium (column 1 in Part E of Schedule P)

You are not entitled to the work premium if either of the following statements applies to your situation:

  • You had a spouse on December 31 and your work income (total of lines 29 and 49 of Schedule P) is $3,600 or less. 
  • You did not have a spouse on December 31 and your work income (line 29 of Schedule P) is $2,400 or less.

If your work income is greater than the applicable amount above, use the tables below to determine the maximum family income that corresponds to your family situation and work income. Compare this amount to your family income (line 54 of Schedule P). If your family income is equal to or greater than the maximum family income, you are not entitled to the work premium. If it is less than the maximum, complete column 1 in Part E of Schedule P.

Maximum family income for individuals with a spouse on December 31
Work income ($) 
[total of lines 29 and 49]
Maximum family income ($)
[with a designated dependent child]
Maximum family income ($)
[without a designated dependent child]
from 3,601 to 5,100 20,562 18,432
from 5,101 to 6,600 24,312 20,052
from 6,601 to 8,100 28,062 21,672
from 8,101 to 9,600 31,812 23,292
from 9,601 to 11,100 35,562 24,912
from 11,101 to 12,600 39,312 26,532
from 12,601 to 14,100 43,062 28,152
from 14,101 to 16,812 or more 49,842 31,081
Maximum family income for individuals without a spouse on December 31
Work income ($)
[line 29]
Maximum family income ($) 
[with a
designated dependent child]
Maximum family income ($) 
[without a
designated dependent child]
from 2,401 to 3,900 15,364 12,484
from 3,901 to 5,400 19,864 14,104
from 5,401 to 6,900 24,364 15,724
from 6,901 to 8,400 28,864 17,344
from 8,401 to 10,864 or more 36,256 20,005

Adapted work premium (column 2 in Part E of Schedule P)

Additional requirements

You can claim the adapted work premium if you or, if applicable, your spouse on December 31,

  • received, in 2020 or in one of the preceding five years, an allowance under the Social Solidarity Program because of a severely limited capacity for employment; or
  • was entitled, in 2020, to the amount for a severe and prolonged impairment in mental or physical functions (see the instructions for line 376).

If you are eligible for the adapted work premium, you can claim either the work premium or the adapted work premium, whichever is greater.

You are not entitled to the adapted work premium if your work income (line 29 if you did not have a spouse on December 31, or the total of lines 29 and 49 if you did) is $1,200 or less.

If your work income is over $1,200, use one of the tables below to determine the maximum family income that corresponds to your family situation and work income. Compare your family income (line 54 of Schedule P) to the maximum. If your family income is equal to or greater than the maximum, you are not entitled to the adapted work premium. If it is less than the maximum, complete column 2 in Part E of Schedule P.

Maximum family income for individuals with a spouse on December 31
Work income ($)
[total of
lines 29 and 49]
Maximum family income ($) 
[with a
designated dependent child]
Maximum family income ($) 
[without a 
designated dependent child]
from 1,201 to 2,700 25,954 24,874
from 2,701 to 4,200 28,954 26,794
from 4,201 to 5,700 31,954 28,714
from 5,701 to 7,200 34,954 30,634
from 7,201 to 8,700 37,954 32,554
from 8,701 to 10,200 40,954 34,474
from 10,201 to 11,700 43,954 36,394
from 11,701 to 13,200 46,954 38,314
from 13,201 to 14,700 49,954 40,234
from 14,701 to 16,200 52,954 42,154
from 16,201 to 17,700 55,954 44,074
from 17,701 to 22,954 or more 66,462 50,799
Maximum family income for individuals without a spouse on December 31
Work income ($)
[line 29]
Maximum family income ($) 
[with a
designated dependent child]
Maximum family income ($) 
[without a
designated dependent child]
from 1,201 to 2,700 19,142 17,312
from 2,701 to 4,200 22,892 19,232
from 4,201 to 5,700 26,642 21,152
from 5,701 to 7,200 30,392 23,072
from 7,201 to 8,700 34,142 24,992
from 8,701 to 10,200 37,892 26,912
from 10,201 to 11,700 41,642 28,832
from 11,701 to 15,392 or more 50,872 33,558

Splitting the work premium or the adapted work premium

You and your spouse on December 31, 2020, can split the work premium or the adapted work premium. To do so, you must each complete your own Schedule P.

If you or your spouse on December 31, 2020, received advance payments of the work premium, the person who received them should claim the work premium in his or her income tax return.

If you receive an overpayment in 2020 and are unable to repay it at the end of the year, the person considered to be your spouse at that time for purposes of the work premium or the adapted work premium will be jointly liable for repaying it.

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