Verifying the Identity of a Money-Services Business Customer

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A money-services business (MSB) must verify the identity of its customers (except for customers using its automated teller machines [ATMs]) before providing a money service to them. The MSB must get the following basic information from each customer:

  • the customer's name;
  • the customer's address;
  • the customer's phone number.

The MSB also has to get additional information from a customer to verify their identity if the customer's transaction is above a certain amount.

Important

An MSB that is unable to verify the customer's identity must refuse to provide a money service under the Money-Services Businesses Act.

The MSB must be able to verify the identity of customers conducting off-site transactions.

Obligation to verify customer identity

The MSB has to get additional information from a customer to verify their identity in the following cases:

  • The customer wants to conduct a transaction totalling $3,000 or more involving the issue or redemption of traveller's cheques, money orders or bank drafts.
  • The customer wants to conduct a foreign currency exchange transaction totalling $3,000 or more.
  • The customer wants to conduct a funds transfer transaction totalling $1,000 or more.
  • The customer wants to cash a cheque (regardless of the amount).
Important

An MSB must verify the identity of all customers conducting off-site transactions.

The MSB must verify the identity of all co-contracting parties it deals with in connection with its money-services activities, regardless of the amount or the nature of the contract.

Personal information collected when verifying customer identity

The additional information the MSB has to get from a customer whose identity needs to be verified is shown below.
Personal information that must be collected (in-person and off-site transactions)
Personal information Natural person Legal person
Date of birth Yes No
Main occupation or nature of professional activities Yes No
Nature of business activities No Yes
Third-party transaction

When a third party conducts a transaction on behalf of a customer, the MSB must get the same information from the third party as it does from any other customer. The MSB must also ask for a document that certifies that the third party is authorized to act on behalf of a customer.

The MSB must verify the identity of all co-contracting parties with whom it deals in connection with its money-services activities in the same way it verifies the identity of its other customers.

Verification methods

Customer identity is verified differently for in-person transactions and off-site transactions.

In-person transaction

For an in-person transaction, the MSB has to use either of the following methods to verify a customer's identity at the time of the transaction:

  • In the case of a natural person, the MSB must ask to see an original of a photo identification document issued by a government (or a government department or agency) that includes the person's name and date of birth. It is strictly prohibited to copy an identification document.
  • In the case of a business, the MSB must obtain a confirmation of the business's legal existence (for example, by verifying the business's registration in the Québec enterprise register).

Off-site transaction

For an off-site transaction, the MSB must have previously verified a customer's identity in an in-person transaction and then proceed as follows at the time of the transaction:

  • The MSB must obtain an account number or a document that the MSB issued to the customer.
  • The MSB must obtain a confirmation that the customer has an account at a financial institution.
  • The MSB must obtain a confirmation that a customer conducted a transaction using a bank card issued in the customer's name by a financial institution.

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