Employee Life and Health Trust

A trust is considered to be an employee life and health trust if it was established after 2009 and, for a given taxation year, it meets all the following requirements throughout that taxation year:

  • The trust's only objectives are to: 
    • provide designated employee benefits to current or former employees of one or more participating employers, or on their behalf; and
    • distribute, after the trust has been wound up, the remaining funds to the beneficiaries, other than key employees, according to their interest in the trust.
  • The trust is resident in Canada.
  • Each beneficiary of the trust is either an employee of a participating employer, an individual related to the employee, or another employee life and health trust.
  • The trust is not maintained primarily for the benefit of one or more key employees of a participating employer.
  • The rights of the key employees of a participating employer are not superior to the rights of most of the other beneficiaries.
  • The only right granted to a participating employer (or to a person not dealing at arm's length with the employer) is the right to designated employee benefits.
  • The trust is administered in accordance with its terms and objectives.

The following rules apply to all employee life and health trusts:

  • The trust can deduct designated employee benefits that became payable by the trust in the taxation year. The deduction is included in the calculation of the non-capital losses for that year.
  • Non-capital losses from one year can be carried back or forward three years. However, the trust cannot carry non-capital losses to a year in which the trust does not meet all of the conditions to be considered an employee life and health trust.

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